A prevalence assessment of HIV infection among parturients was performed in order to estimate the future incidence of pediatric AIDS cases and obtain data on the trend of the infection in Italy.
Consecutive whole blood samples from newborns collected on filter paper from all regions of Italy (October-December 1990) for routine metabolic screenings, were anonymously examined for HIV-1 antibodies by an ELISA technique.
Positive results were confirmed by Western blot.
Among 97,658 blood samples tested, 121 (0.124%, 95% confidence interval Poisson distribution 0.103-0.148) were positive.
A high prevalence of HIV infection (>0.2%) was observed in four regions from North and Central Italy while, in some regions in the South, the seroprevalence was ten times lower.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Nouveau né, Homme, Mère, Méthodologie, Immunopathologie, Hémopathie, Italie, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Serology, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Newborn, Human, Mother, Methodology, Immunopathology, Hemopathy, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0649880
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.