Two hundred and ninety-five of 373 (79%) children with reported cases of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) occurring in the state of Oklahoma from January 1, 1986, through December 31, 1987, were matched according to birth date with two controls each.
Conditional logistic regression was used to assess the independent roles of day care attendance, number of young children in the home, crowding, passive smoking, maternal education, household income, and race in Hib disease.
Statistically significant odds ratios (ORs) were found for day care attendance (OR=2.9), the presence of two or more children in the home under 6 years of age (OR=2.4), crowding (ratio of number of people in the home to number of bedrooms >=2) (OR=2.0), and exposure to cigarette smoking in the home (OR=1.4).
Mots-clés Pascal : Méningite, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Homme, Haemophilus influenzae, Pasteurellaceae, Bactérie, Bactériose, Infection, Système nerveux pathologie, Facteur risque, Garderie enfant, Oklahoma, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Système nerveux central pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Meningitis, Epidemiology, Child, Human, Haemophilus influenzae, Pasteurellaceae, Bacteria, Bacteriosis, Infection, Nervous system diseases, Risk factor, Day care center, Oklahoma, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0643809
Code Inist : 002B05B02I. Création : 199406.