A nested case-control hospital study and a midwife-based community cohort study were conducted in Central Sudan during 1989 and 1990 to assess the contribution of mesoendemic malaria to low birth weight.
Malarial infection was determined by maternal history, parasitology, and histopathology.
There were significant associations between a maternal history of malaria and low birth weight in the hospital study (adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.6, 95% confidence interval (Cl) 1.2-2.1) and the community study (OR=1.7, 95% Cl 1.3-2.3).
Attributable risk percentages were high and were comparable in the hospital study (22.2%) and the community study (24.5%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance faible, Epidémiologie, Centre, Paludisme, Protozoose, Infection, Mère, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie, Prématuré, Gestation, Soudan, Afrique, Nouveau né, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Low birth weight, Epidemiology, Center, Malaria, Protozoal disease, Infection, Mother, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases, Premature, Pregnancy, Sudan, Africa, Newborn, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0643807
Code Inist : 002B27B11. Création : 199406.