The number of deaths that would not have occurred had an exposure or trait been absent is generally estimated by observing mortality rates in sample populations of exposed and nonexposed persons and applying them to the population of interest.
Three methods used to estimate deaths due to tobacco use are evaluated.
Each method requires estimates of certain absolute and relative risks, and the published estimates based on them assume that the absolute and relative risks observed in the two large American Cancer Society prospective studies can be applied to the US population or to populations in developed countries.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Modèle statistique, Biais méthodologique, Mortalité, Toxicité, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Statistical model, Methodological bias, Mortality, Toxicity, Epidemiology, Methodology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0611691
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199406.