Water and non-water-related risk factors for gastroenteritis among bathers exposed to sewage-contaminated marine waters.
All previously published epidemiological studies of the health effects of bathing in marine waters contaminated with domestic sewage contain three malor methodological weaknesses in study design: (1) failure to control for the substantial amount of temporal and spatial variation in indicator organism densities shown to occur within just a few hours at marine water bathing locations; 12) failure to relate indicator organism density directly to the individual bather; and 13) failure to rigorously control for non-water-related risk factors on previously reported associations between bathing in marine waters and illness among such bathers.
We report the results of two intervention follow-up studies specifically designed to address these methodological weaknesses.
Mots-clés Pascal : Gastroentérite, Pollution eau, Homme, Epidémiologie, Baignade, Appareil digestif pathologie, Estomac pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Eau mer, Eau usée domestique, Indicateur biologique, Contrôle qualité, Royaume Uni, Europe, Analyse mathématique, Streptococcus, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bactérie, Méthodologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Gastroenteritis, Water pollution, Human, Epidemiology, Bathing, Digestive diseases, Gastric disease, Intestinal disease, Seawater, Domestic waste water, Biological indicator, Quality control, United Kingdom, Europe, Mathematical analysis, Streptococcus, Streptococcaceae, Micrococcales, Bacteria, Methodology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0601978
Code Inist : 002B13B03. Création : 199406.