Race and gender differences in respiratory illness prevalence rates were assessed in a cohort of 8,322 white children and 1,056 black children 7 to 14 yr of age from four U. S. cities.
Boys had higher rates of wheeze, asthma, cough, phlegm, and bronchitis than girls.
Black children had higher rates of persistent wheeze, shortness of breath with wheeze, asthma, chronic cough, and chronic phlegm than white children.
We examined whether the racial disparity in respiratory illness prevalence could be accounted for by environmental exposures and socioeconomic factors.
The proportion of families without a parent who had graduated from high school was higher for blacks than for whites, as was the proportion of single-parent households.
Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Race, Caucasoïde, Négroïde, Sexe, Etude comparative, Etude statistique, Fonction respiratoire, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Respiratory disease, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Race, Caucasoid, Negroid, Sex, Comparative study, Statistical study, Lung function, United States, North America, America
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0595676
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.