The epidemiology of HIV infection in a rural area of Guinea-Bissau.
To determine the prevalence of HIV infection and its relationship to age, sex and other factors.
Design and setting
Cross-sectional survey of a rural community in Guinea-Bissau.
Questionnaire-administration and screening of sera from subjects aged>=15 years.
Of the 2770 subjects tested, 220 (7.9%) were HIV-2-seropositive, four (0.1%) were HIV-1-seropositive and 10 (0.4%) were dually reactive.
Overall prevalence of HIV-2 was 9.3% in women, peaking at 17.2% in the 35-44 age group, and 6.6% in men, peaking at 19.1% in the 45-54 age group.
The mean age of the four subjects with HIV-1 infection was 24 years, which was significantly lower than those with HIV-2 infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Guinée Bissau, Afrique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Milieu rural, Hémopathie, Immunopathologie, Mode transmission, Hétérosexualité, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Virus HIV2, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Guinea-Bissau, Africa, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Rural environment, Hemopathy, Immunopathology, Transmission mode, Heterosexuality, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, HIV-2 virus, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0578536
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.