Cigarette smoking contributes to disproportionate morbidity and mortality among African Americans.
Purposes of the study were to describe smoking behavior and test a model of nicotine dependence among African American women.
Participants (n = 187) smoked a low rate of high nicotine mentholated cigarettes and had a mean salivary cotinine of 402 ng/mL.
The proposed model predicted 48% of variance in nicotine dependence with smoking to cope, number of cigarettes/day, positive outcome expectancies about smoking, and interest in quitting, as significant contributors.
Suggested interventions include developing alternative coping skills, cognitive restructuring, and techniques focused on the precontemplation stage of smoking cessation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Femme, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Dépendance, Epidémiologie, Négroïde, Race
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Woman, Human, United States, North America, America, Dependence, Epidemiology, Negroid, Race
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0571427
Code Inist : 002B18C05. Création : 199406.