Update on the breastfeeding situation in Africa.
The present report integrates and summarizes the results from thirteen Demographic and Health Surveys carried out between 1986 and 1990 in Africa.
The initiation of breastfeeding ranged from 92% to 99%. The median duration of breastfeeding (BFDUR) ranged from 15.2 to 24.4 mo.
About 70% of infants were not exclusively breastfed during the first 4 months of life.
Although there were wide variations in breastfeeding practices across countries two patterns were identified based on the velocity of decline in breastfeeding during the first year of life.
Countries that experienced a fast decline in breastfeeding during the first year of life had a BFDUR ranging from 15.2 mo to 16.7 mo.
Countries with a slower decline in breastfeeding during the first year had a BFDUR of 17.9 mo to 24.4 mo.
Mots-clés Pascal : Allaitement, Lait maternel, Durée, Nouveau né, Homme, Nourrisson, Niveau étude, Statut socioéconomique, Urbanisation, Article synthèse, Surveillance sanitaire, Alimentation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Breast feeding, Breast milk, Duration, Newborn, Human, Infant, Study level, Socioeconomic status, Urbanization, Review, Sanitary surveillance, Feeding
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0549101
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 199406.