Seroepidemiology, morbidity and vaccination strategies against rubella infection. Eight years experience in oltrepo pavese.
Selective rubella vaccination of schoolgirls in Italy started 14 years ago following the United Kingdom strategy that was adopted in 1970.
The aims of this program were to eliminate the risk of rubella among women of childbearing age, encourage the acquisition of immunity by natural infection during early childhood and allow the vaccine-induced antibody production by the circulating virus.
On the basis of this program, between 1982 to 1990, a prospective serosurvey for rubella antibody in the province of Pavia was performed.
The results showed a decline in the overall seropositivity rate for rubella antibodies from 57.7%in 1982 to 41.9% in 1984 followed by a remarkable increase in 1985 (53.3%) and in 1987 (56.5%).
Mots-clés Pascal : Rubéole, Virose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Sérologie, Morbidité, Vaccination, Prévention, Milieu scolaire, Femelle, Enfant, Homme, Programme sanitaire, Politique sanitaire, Italie, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Rubella, Viral disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Serology, Morbidity, Vaccination, Prevention, School environment, Female, Child, Human, Sanitary program, Health policy, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0540027
Code Inist : 002B05C02B. Création : 199406.