Zinc affects growth, development, and reproduction.
However, the effect of poor maternal zinc nutriture, usually measured as plasma zinc, on poor pregnancy outcome has not been consistent.
The influence of dietary zinc on pregnancy outcome was examined in a cohort of 818 pregnant girls and women from a poor urban community in camden, New Jersey (1985-1990).
Zinc intake in this sample was 11.1 mg/day, a level ascertained from averaged 24-hour dietary recalls during pregnancy.
Gravidas with low zinc intake (<=6 mg/day, amounting to 40% of the recommended dietary allowance for pregnancy) had lower caloric intake and multivitamin usage as well as a higher incidence of inadequate weight gain during pregnancy and iron deficiency anemia at entry to prenatal care compared with those with higher intakes.
Mots-clés Pascal : Zinc, Gestation, Etude cohorte, Poids naissance faible, Elément trace, Consommation alimentaire, Mère, Epidémiologie, New Jersey, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Calorie, Gestation pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie, Prématuré, Comportement alimentaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Zinc, Pregnancy, Cohort study, Low birth weight, Trace element, Food intake, Mother, Epidemiology, New Jersey, United States, North America, America, Calorie, Pregnancy disorders, Newborn diseases, Premature, Feeding behavior
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0538186
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 199406.