Infants born to mothers who smoke are a few hundred grams smaller, on average, than the infants of nonsmokers.
This effect on fetal growth is regarded as evidence of the reproductive toxicity of cigarette smoking.
In this paper, data from nearly 260,000 births in the state of Missouri (1980-1984) were analyzed using a method based on adjustment to relative birth weight.
Two additional effects of smoking are demonstrated with this analysis; i.e., smokers are at higher risk of delivering very small preterm infants, and their infants have higher perinatal mortality at every relative birth weight.
The latter is not apparent on an absolute birth weight scale and thus is not generally recognized.
Mots-clés Pascal : Poids naissance, Mortalité, Tabagisme, Prématuré, Nourrisson, Homme, Périnatal, Epidémiologie, Mère, Missouri, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Toxicité, Foetus pathologie, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Birth weight, Mortality, Tobacco smoking, Premature, Infant, Human, Perinatal, Epidemiology, Mother, Missouri, United States, North America, America, Toxicity, Fetal diseases, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0538184
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199406.