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  1. An oilspill, alcohol and the captain : a possible misapplication of forensic science.

    Article - En anglais

    Good scientific principles, and the results of otherwise valid research, sometimes can be misused in forensic investigations.

    The case history of the EXXON VALDEZ tanker disaster illustrates this problem.

    In March 1989, the vessel left Alaska under the command of Captain Joseph Hazelwood; about 3 h later, it was aground on Bligh Reef and leaking oil.

    Emergency procedures were instituted but the spill was extensive; indeed, environmental cleanup is not yet complete.

    Attempts were made to identify those responsible for the accident.

    The ship's master was almost immediately charged with negligence and, later, intoxication.

    He was discharged and ultimately tried but acquitted (of intoxication) in an Alaska court.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Analyse parole, Homme, Accident, Alcoolisme, Ethanol, Etude cas, Aspect médicolégal, Nappe pétrole, Navire citerne, Capitaine

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Speech analysis, Human, Accident, Alcoholism, Ethanol, Case study, Forensic aspect, Oil layer, Tanker

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 93-0534069

    Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 199406.