Data from a 1983-88 retrospective panel study of 797 rural (non-Metropolitan Statistical Area) U.S. hospitals revealed that less than one in five (18.7%) had any alcohol and chemical abuse (ACA) service.
About one-third of both inpatient and outpatient services had been established during the study period, but few hospitals not offering these services planned to offer them in the immediate future.
These findings support other studies that the availability of such services may not meet population need or demand, although non-hospital-sponsored services might partially fill the gap.
Bivariate analysis showed that hospital locations in counties that were more densely populated, had higher per capita income and had more physicians per 1,000 population were positively associated with ACA services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Toxicomanie, Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Enquête, Service hospitalier, Epidémiologie, Economie santé, Personnel sanitaire, Spécialité médicale, Psychiatrie, Homme, Milieu rural, Environnement social, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Drug addiction, Public health organization, Mental health, Inquiry, Hospital ward, Epidemiology, Health economy, Health staff, Medical specialty, Psychiatry, Human, Rural environment, Social environment, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0529928
Code Inist : 002B18H05. Création : 199406.