Increases in crash involvement and fatalities among motor vehicle occupants younger than 5 years old.
To determine whether increased exposure as car occupants could be a major contributor to increases observed in deaths of young children in car crashes.
Design and setting
Crash data from police reports for Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Washington for various years from 1982 through 1990 were examined to compare annual age mix of injured and uninjured occupants in crashes involving at least two passenger vehicles.
Aggregate national data from the Fatal Accident Reporting System were also examined over the same time period and compared to population estimates for children younger than 5 years old to assess temporal trends in number of occupants in this age group who were involved in motor vehicle crashes in which a fatality occurred in fatal crashes and the number of them killed in passenger vehicles.
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident corporel, Accident circulation, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Contention, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Mesure sécurité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Personal injury, Traffic accident, Risk factor, Child, Human, Restraint, Epidemiology, Mortality, United States, North America, America, Safety measure
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0524781
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.