Should physicians infected with human immunodeficiency virus be allowed to perform surgery ?
Practice restrictions on physicians who have the human immunodeficiency virus can significantly interfere with their freedom to practice.
Three main ethical views have been advocated concerning such restrictions:
(1) Infected physicians should be required either to refrain from performing procedures posing any risk of transmission or to reveal their seropositivity to the patient and proceed if consent is obtained;
(2) they should not be restricted;
(3) they should be restricted from some subset of invasive procedures posing higher risks of transmission.
However, the first view overlooks the adverse effects of restrictions and the second view disregards consequences of patient exposure.
A shortcoming of the third view is its focus on risks of transmission rather than exposure.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Chirurgien, Séropositivité, Homme, Hémopathie, Immunopathologie, Ethique, Activité professionnelle, Transmission homme homme, Risque infectieux, Aspect juridique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Surgeon, Seropositivity, Human, Hemopathy, Immunopathology, Ethics, Professional activity, Transmission from man to man, Infectious risk, Legal aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0519355
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199406.