Relation of smoking and low-to-moderate alcohol consumption to change in cognitive function : a longitudinal study in a defined community of older persons.
To determine whether smoking habits and alcohol consumption are related to changes in cognitive function, the authors conducted a prospective, community-based study of persons aged 65 years and over in East Boston, Massachusetts.
In 1982 and again in 1985, the subjects were given three brief tests of cognitive function: immediate memory, digit span, and a mental status questionnaire, which primarily assessed orientation.
The 1,201 individuals who performed well in 1982 were included in linear regression analyses of 3-year change in performance, adjusted for age, sex, education, and income.
Relative to nonsmoking, current smoking, past smoking, and pack-years were not significantly related to change in immediate memory.
None was significantly related to change in orientation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Vieillard, Homme, Cognition, Psychométrie, Consommation, Ethanol, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Etude longitudinale, Prospective, Massachusetts, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Mémoire, Court terme, Empan mnémonique, Orientation temporospatiale, test neuropsychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Elderly, Human, Cognition, Psychometrics, Consumption, Ethanol, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Follow up study, Prospective, Massachusetts, United States, North America, America, Memory, Short term, Mnemonic span, Spatiotemporal orientation, Neuropsychological test
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0517057
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 199406.