Lay health beliefs concerning HIV and AIDS: a barrier for control programmes.
Work in AIDS control in East Africa revealed widespread lay health beliefs concerning HIV infection and AIDS amongst health workers and members of the general population at both lower and higher risk of infection.
The beliefs were often factually incorrect and undermining to AIDS control in the field of information, education and communication (IEC).
The beliefs were conveyed informally but their origins could often be traced.
Local media were important sources.
The beliefs were powerful, persistent and resistant to conventional educational methods.
Their prevalence and type changed with time in different groups.
A model of how the beliefs came to be generated is proposed and reasons suggested for their persistence and strength.
Mots-clés Pascal : Perception sociale, Croyance, Attitude, Information biomédicale, Education sanitaire, Transmission information, Homme, Tanzanie, Afrique, Afrique Est, Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Hémopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social perception, Belief, Attitude, Biomedical information, Health education, Information transmission, Human, Tanzania, Africa, East Africa, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Hemopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0510464
Code Inist : 002A26N03. Création : 199406.