This article traces the causes of high mortality rates among African gold miners in the former British colonial territories of the Gold Coast and Ashanti, 1900-1938.
No previous studies exist for the early decades owing to the neglect by both mining companies and government officials to keep adequate statistics on African miner death rates, a flaw which reinforced the lackadaisical response of the government to problems of prevention and treatment.
A milestone report issued in 1924, demonstrating that sanitary precautions, housing conditions and medical treatment for most African miners were wretched, forced the colonial state to gather regular data on Africans and make long overdue improvements, so that mortality rates for underground miners slowly declined by the time of the Second World War.
Mots-clés Pascal : Historique, Mine, Ghana, Afrique, Article synthèse, Mortalité, Africain, Minerai or, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Industrie extractive, Colonialisme, Prévention, Maladie tropicale, Politique sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Case history, Mine, Ghana, Africa, Review, Mortality, African, Gold ore, Occupational exposure, Human, Mining industry, Prevention, Tropical disease, Health policy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0510355
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.