Between February and October 1990, 18276 cases of pellagra dermatitis (due to niacin deficiency) were reported among 285942 Mozambican refugees in Malawi.
Overall, 6.3% of the refugee population developed pellagra and the attack rate was 7.8 times higher among women than men.
This outbreak followed a 5-month cessation of groundnut distribution (the major source of niacin) to refugees.
A matched-pair case-control study confirmed the protective role of the daily consumption of groundnuts (Odds Ratio [OR]=0.08), as well as the independent role of garden ownership (OR=0.34), and home maize milling (OR=0.3).
Mots-clés Pascal : Pellagre, Homme, Consommation alimentaire, Foyer infectieux, Epidémiologie, Peau pathologie, Carence vitaminique, Etat nutritionnel, Nicotinamide, Nicotinique acide, Comportement alimentaire, Arachide, Malawi, Afrique, Trouble nutrition, Mozambicain, Réfugié
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pellagra, Human, Food intake, Infectious focus, Epidemiology, Skin disease, Vitamin deficiency, Nutritional status, Nicotinamide, Nicotinic acid, Feeding behavior, Groundnut, Malawi, Africa, Refugee
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0510293
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 199406.