One hundred thirteen adult victims of a major Latin American disaster were screened for emotional distress 1 and 5 years after the catastrophe.
We used the Self-Reporting Questionnaire to identify emotionally distressed victims.
Results indicate that the prevalence of emotional distress decreased from 65% in 1986 to 31% in 1990.
However, a comparison of the symptomatology on these two assessments indicates a similarity in the frequency and profiles of symptoms among the distressed.
Also, the most frequent symptoms and the strongest predictors of emotional distress were essentially the same.
These findings provide empirical support to the clinically observed course of emotional symptomatology of disaster victims and to the focused training of health workers on selected emotional problems that are consistently present over time.
Mots-clés Pascal : Emotion émotivité, Effet psychologique, Sinistre, Eruption volcanique, Questionnaire, Self-Reporting Questionnaire, Psychométrie, Planification, Système santé, Santé mentale, Etude longitudinale, Adulte, Homme, Colombie, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Pays en développement, Détresse psychologique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Emotionality, Psychological effect, Disaster, Volcanic eruption, Questionnaire, Self-Reporting Questionnaire, Psychometrics, Planning, Health system, Mental health, Follow up study, Adult, Human, Colombia, South America, America, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0503560
Code Inist : 002B18C08. Création : 199406.