Before condoms can be considered as a prophylaxis for sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), their efficacy must be considered.
This paper reviews evidence on condom effectiveness in reducing the risk of heterosexually transmitted human HIV.
A meta-analysis conducted on data from in vivo studies of HIV discordant sexual partners is used to estimate the protective effect of condoms.
Although contraceptive research indicates that condoms are 87% effective in preventing pregnancy, results of HIV transmission studies indicate that condoms may reduce risk of HIV infection by approximately 69%. Thus, efficacy may be much lower than commonly assumed, although results should be viewed tentatively due to design limitations in the original studies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hétérosexualité, Hémopathie, Prévention, Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Immunopathologie, Efficacité, Condom, Homme, Métaanalyse, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Heterosexuality, Hemopathy, Prevention, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Immunopathology, Efficiency, Condom, Human, Metaanalysis, Review, United States, North America, America
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0503309
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 199406.