Traduction en anglais : Antibiotic resistance in 2187 strains isolated in Mali between 1980 and 1991.
This study is about evolution and actual state of antibiotic resistance of 2,187 bacterial strains collected from 1980 to 1991.
It consisted in performing sensitivity tests with bacteria isolated from patients during this period.
For S. aureus, gentamicin, macrolides and related were most effective but about 50% of strains were resistant to oxacillin.
Cefotaxime, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, nitrofurans and nitroxolin were most effective against E. coli.
For Enterobacter spp, cefotaxime, gentamicin, nalidixic acid and colistin were most effective.
Finally for P. aeruginosa, colistin was fully active and gentamicin active quite well.
In general, resistance was stable, but it mainly developed to oxacillin, tetracyclines and cotrimoxazole.
Mots-clés Pascal : Enterobacter, Enterobacteriaceae, Bactérie, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonadaceae, Pseudomonadales, Nalidixique acide, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Escherichia coli, Epidémiologie, Colistine, Mali, Afrique, Evolution, Antibiotique, Homme, Gentamicine, Résistance, Oxacilline
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Enterobacter, Enterobacteriaceae, Bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonadaceae, Pseudomonadales, Staphylococcus aureus, Micrococcaceae, Micrococcales, Escherichia coli, Epidemiology, Mali, Africa, Evolution, Antibiotic, Human, Resistance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0482759
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 199406.