In this article, the sensory, cognitive, and motor function relevant to driving, their measurement, the egidemiology of age-associated functional impairments, and the relationship of functional impairments to both self-regorted driving and the imposition of legal restrictions are reviewed.
A number of issues remain to be resolved before the scientific basis for public policy recommendations on aging drivers is sufficiently sound.
For example, although an association between various functional impairments and the imposition of restrictions was found, with the exception of visual impairments, which under Iowa law may require the imposition of restrictions, those aspects of functional impairment that precipitate state-imposed licence restrictions cannot be identified by the authors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Conducteur véhicule, Motricité, Vieillard, Homme, Cognition, Système nerveux pathologie, Oeil pathologie, ORL pathologie, Sensibilité, Trouble fonctionnel, Test aptitude
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vehicle driver, Motricity, Elderly, Human, Cognition, Nervous system diseases, Eye disease, ENT disease, Sensitivity, Dysfunction, Aptitude test
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0463294
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 199406.