Because the Maastricht treaty includes a chapter on public health in the European Community (EC) public health surveillance needs to be developed at EC level.
To assess the feasibility of EC surveillance we did a survey of national systems in Europe in 1991-92.
In seventeen countries (twelve EC plus Austria, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland) the public health institution(s) responsible for surveillance were visited to collect standardised data on surveillance systems for sexually transmitted diseases (STD), hepatitis, and tuberculosis (TB).
Surveillance systems varied widely by type, design, and quality.
Although mandatory notification has a place in nearly all countries there is a trend towards voluntary systems based on samples of physicians, clinics, or laboratories.
Mots-clés Pascal : Infection, Système santé, Epidémiologie, Homme, Europe, Surveillance sanitaire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Infection, Health system, Epidemiology, Human, Europe, Sanitary surveillance
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0453183
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.