Life expectancy and infant mortality in Latin America vary extremely on the national level as for example from 20 per thousand and less in Cuba and Chile up to 100 per thousand and more in Haiti and Bolivia.
The range of these rates is even greater considering the regional level within the countries.
Case studies from Costa Rica and Chile do not only show the contrast between rural and urban areas, but also give an example how regional differences can be diminished in the course of a rapid mortality decline.
The development of primary and secondary health care, especially when applied to rural and marginal urban population turned out to be the most important factor for this reduction.
In Costa Rica 75% of the decrease of infant mortality can be attributed to these measures.
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Nourrisson, Homme, Etat sanitaire, Amérique Latine, Amérique, Variation géographique, Espèrance vie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Infant, Human, Health status, Latin America, America, Geographical variation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0447466
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.