There is an ongoing American policy debate about the appropriate legal status for psychoactive drugs.
Prohibition, decriminalization, and legalization positions are all premised on assumptions about the behavioral effects of drug laws.
What is actually known and not known about these effects is reviewed.
Rational-choice models of legal compliance suggest that criminalization reduces use through restricted drug availability, increased drug prices, and the deterrent effect of the risk of punishment.
Research on these effects illustrates the need for a more realistic perspective that acknowledges the limitations of human rationality and the importance of moral reasoning and informal social control factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Substance toxicomanogène, Législation, Toxicomanie, Politique sanitaire, Article synthèse, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Modèle, Homme, Légalisation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Drug of abuse, Legislation, Drug addiction, Health policy, Review, United States, North America, America, Models, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0446248
Code Inist : 002B18G. Création : 199406.