Old World epidemics played a major role in the demographic collapse of native peoples after 1492.
In estimating aboriginal populations it is often assumed that once introduced Old World diseases spread unhindered and their impact was uniform.
This paper indicates that there were often marked regional differences in impact of Old World diseases which were related not only to environmental conditions, but also to the size and character of native societies.
Drawing on research on the demographic history of early colonial Ecuador, it demonstrates that there were marked regional differences in levels of depopulation, particularly between the highlands and lowlands.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie, Dissémination, Aborigène, Europe, Transmission homme homme, Equateur, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Historique, Démographie, Amérindien, Période coloniale, Variation géographique, Ethnie, Milieu culturel, Facteur milieu
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disease, Dissemination, Aboriginal, Europe, Transmission from man to man, Ecuador, South America, America, Case history, Demography, Amerindian, Geographical variation, Ethnic group, Cultural environment, Environmental factor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0435940
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 199406.