Alcohol is a major cause of birth defects and mental retardation in the U.S. The yearly cost to care for those affected has been estimated to be over $300 million.
Prenatal education and counseling have been advocated as techniques to reduce alcohol use in pregnancy.
The purpose of this study was to critically review investipations that used these methods in order to determine their effectiveness.
Reports of relevant studies were found by searchinp Medline, the ETOH database and bibliopraphies of primary sources.
Only five studies were identified that met predetermined selection criteria.
As judped by usual methodolopic standards for intervention programs, only one was of acceptable quality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Prénatal, Mère, Gestation, Prévention, Politique sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Education sanitaire, Conseil clinique, Economie santé, Etude critique, Article synthèse, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Prenatal, Mother, Pregnancy, Prevention, Health policy, Sanitary program, Health education, Clinical counseling, Health economy, Critical study, Review, Human, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0431307
Code Inist : 002B18H05. Création : 199406.