Women are at a greater risk compared to men for blinding complications from trachoma.
In order to evaluate risk factors in women, 205 cases of trichiasis (TT) were selected from 11 villages in rural Tanzania.
Each case of trichiasis was matched to two women of the same age and from the same village, who had no clinical signs of trachoma.
Factors associated with trichiasis in a conditional logistic regression included history of trichiasis in the woman's mother (odds ratio [OR]=3.6; 95% confidence interval [Cl]:2.0-6.5); sleeping in a room with a cooking fire during childbearing years (OR=1.8; 95% Cl:1.2-2.8); a home of wood and earth during childbearing years (OR=2.1; 95% Cl:1.3-3.3); no adult education classes (OR=2.2; 95% Cl:1.43.4); and five or more deaths among her children (OR=2.6; 95% Cl:1.3-5.1).
Mots-clés Pascal : Trichiasis, Trachome, Chlamydiose, Bactériose, Infection, Homme, Etiologie, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Oeil pathologie, Femelle, Age, Conjonctive pathologie, Mode de vie, Statut socioéconomique, Milieu rural, Tanzanie, Afrique, Etude cas témoin
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trichiasis, Trachoma, Chlamydiosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Human, Etiology, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Eye disease, Female, Age, Life habit, Socioeconomic status, Rural environment, Tanzania, Africa, Case control study
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0395616
Code Inist : 002B09E. Création : 199406.