HIV infection in European female sex workers : epidemiological link with use of petroleum-based lubricants.
To assess the prevalence of and risk factors associated with HIV infection in European female sex workers, particularly sexual risk factors.
Multicentre cross-sectional study performed in nine European countries.
Female sex workers voluntarily enrolled between September 1990 and November 1991.
Face-to-face interviews were conducted in various settings (health care, prostitute organizations, outreach) to collect information on over 150 behavioural, health and sociodemographic variables.
Enrollment of intravenous drug users (IVDU) was limited to a maximum of 25% of the total sample.
The HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody status of blood or saliva samples was tested using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and confirmed by Western blot.
Mots-clés Pascal : Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Virose, Infection, Facteur risque, Prostitution, Séropositivité, Prévalence, Hémopathie, Immunopathologie, Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Lubrifiant, Produit pétrolier, Europe, Epidémiologie, Femelle, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Risk factor, Prostitution, Seropositivity, Prevalence, Hemopathy, Immunopathology, Sexually transmitted disease, Lubricant, Petroleum product, Europe, Epidemiology, Female, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0382928
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.