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  1. Biomechanics of abdominal injuries by armrest loading.

    Article - En anglais

    Anesthetized pigs were exposed to impact against a padded side interior that included an armrest with either a SOFT or STIFF crush characteristic.

    The purpose was to assess liver and spleen injury under specific impact conditions.

    The STIFF armrest resulted in severe abdominal and thoracic injury in five side-impact animal tests.

    Injuries of the liver and spleen included deep lacerations, tears of major hepatic arteries and veins, and serious hemoperitoneum.

    The injuries averaged AIS=4. In contrast, five animals exposed to the SOFT armrest design experienced injuries of lower severity than any animal in the STIFF armrest exposures (p<0.005).

    The average injury was AIS=2. The STIFF armrest protruded into the abdomen and showed little sign of deformation with abdominal loading.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Etude expérimentale, Biomécanique, Accident circulation, Abdomen, Accoudoire

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Digestive diseases, Epidemiology, Human, Experimental study, Biomechanics, Traffic accident, Abdomen

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 93-0369672

    Code Inist : 002B16G. Création : 199406.