In a house-to-house survey in Kilifi District, Kenya, mothers of 2556 liveborn children were interviewed about neonatal mortality, especially from neonatal tetanus (NNT).
The crude birth rate was 60.5 per 1000 population, the neonatal mortality rate 21.1 and the NNT mortality rate 3.1 per 1000 livebirths.
The neonatal and NNT mortality rates were higher in boys than in girls.
Neonatal tetanus was not associated with mother's age, parity, or history of previous child death.
The majority of the children (72%) were adequately protected at birth against NNT; in those with documented protection NNT mortality was 0, in those with undocumented protection 1.2 and in other children 8.5 per 1000 livebirths.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tétanos, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Kenya, Afrique, Nouveau né, Homme, Mortalité, Milieu rural, Milieu urbain, Système nerveux pathologie, Immunoprotection, Programme sanitaire, Vaccination
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tetanus, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Kenya, Africa, Newborn, Human, Mortality, Rural environment, Urban environment, Nervous system diseases, Immunoprotection, Sanitary program, Vaccination
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0280401
Code Inist : 002B05B02I. Création : 199406.