A public-school-based epidemiological survey of fourth-grade students in Washington, DC, was performed in 1988/89 (n=4675) and 1990/91 (n=4678).
Comparisons of data for the two periods revealed that the lifetime prevalence of self-reported alcohol use, alcohol use without parental knowledge, and smoking more than a puff of cigarettes declined; marijuana use and cigarette experimentation did not.
Seven variables were associated with use.
Declines were observed in perceived peer pressure to use; seeing a family member/friend selling drugs; and being offered alcohol, cigarettes, or marijuana by peers.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Tabagisme, Prévalence, Marihuana, Toxicomanie, Adolescent, Homme, Epidémiologie, Environnement social, Milieu familial, Washington, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Tobacco smoking, Prevalence, Marihuana, Drug addiction, Adolescent, Human, Epidemiology, Social environment, Family environment, Washington, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0252693
Code Inist : 002B18C05. Création : 199406.