In spite of more than 30 years of control activities, malaria continues to be the most important parasitic infection in Malaysia, accounting for 39, 189 confirmed cases in 1991, giving an annual parasite incidence rate of 2.2 per 1,000 population.
Some factors contributing to the continued transmission of malaria are the development of drug resistant Plasmodium falciparum, changes in vector behavior, and ecological changes due to socio-economic reasons.
Malaria parasite rates are higher among the Aborigines, land scheme settlers and those in intimate contact with the jungle, like loggers.
There has been no substantial change in the proportion of the three common malaria species responsible for infections, P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. malariae and mixed infections accounting for about 70%, 28%, 1% and 1%, respectively of all infections.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Lutte sanitaire, Programme sanitaire, Politique sanitaire, Malaisie, Asie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Infection, Epidemiology, Sanitary control, Sanitary program, Health policy, Malaysia, Asia, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0412375
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 199406.