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  1. Safety in health care: prevention of bloodborne diseases.

    Article - En anglais

    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) rules for Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens are described.

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection continues to be a major occupational hazard to health care workers.

    Of the 8,700 health care workers infected with HBV each year secondary to occupational exposure, approximately 200 die.

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) presents an additional occupational risk because it is transmitted in the same manner as HBV.

    The incidence of transmission of HIV to health care workers is substantially lower than that of HBV.

    OSHA's requirements to prevent occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens are based on use of universal precautions.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Exposition professionnelle, Sécurité, Prévention, Facteur risque, Pathogène, Sang, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Virus hépatite B, Hepadnaviridae

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Occupational exposure, Safety, Prevention, Risk factor, Pathogen, Blood, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Hepatitis B virus, Hepadnaviridae

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 93-0247245

    Code Inist : 002B30B01B. Création : 199406.