The field of mental retardation in being changed by a paradigm shift in how mental retardation is conceptualized and in how services are provided.
This new way of thinking is reflected in the 1992 AAMR definition of what mental retardation is (Luckasson et al., 1992).
Prevention efforts must also reflect this new way of thinking, which focuses on the interaction between individuals and their environment.
In this paper, the stage was set for adoption of a new vision of prevention that incorporates an ecological approach to understanding the causation of mental retardation.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arriération mentale, Prévention, Programme sanitaire, Environnement social, Facteur risque, Etiologie, Modèle, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental retardation, Prevention, Sanitary program, Social environment, Risk factor, Etiology, Models, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 93-0163016
Code Inist : 002B18H05. Création : 199406.