The rising incidence of medical litigation in the 1980's led to a relatively minor modification in January 1990 of the United Kingdom's negligence-based system of medical compensation, as a result of which employing Health Authorities now accept full vicarious liability for the negligence (but not other) actions of employed clinicians (Crown indemnity).
During the same period, by contrast, bodies such as the Royal College of Physicians have strongly influenced locally established Research Ethics Committees towards favouring no-fault compensation for harm resulting from medical research.
Mots-clés Pascal : Dommage corporel, Recherche scientifique, Réparation, Indemnité dédommagement, Ethique, Homme, Etude critique, Consentement éclairé, Enquête, Essai clinique, Royaume Uni, Europe, Faute professionnelle, Malpractice
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical injury, Scientific research, Repair, Indemnity, Ethics, Human, Critical study, Informed consent, Inquiry, Clinical trial, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 92-0442616
Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 199406.