Control of hepatitis B virus infection in dialysis units in latium, Italy.
The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers was assessed in 1,841/2,178 (84.5%) dialysis patients (DP) cared for in 38/47 dialysis units (80.9%) in Latium.
Among DP, 205 (11.1%) were HBsAg positive: 13.8% of males and 7.1% of females (p<0.001); the prevalence increased with the length of time on dialysis (p for trend<0.001).
No differences in HBV (HBsAg and/or anti-HBc) distribution were seen related to age and sex.
Of 664/1,539 vaccinated DP, 150 (22.6%) were anti-HBc positive and 239 (36.0%) positive for anti-HBs alone.
Of 875/1,539 nonvaccinated patients, 146 (16.7%) had no HBV marker.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hémodialyse, Epuration extrarénale, Réanimation, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Homme, Prévalence, Virus hépatite B, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hemodialysis, Extrarenal dialysis, Resuscitation, Urinary system disease, Human, Prevalence, Hepatitis B virus, Hepadnaviridae, Virus, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 92-0392087
Code Inist : 002B27B03. Création : 199406.