Retrospective study on the prevalence of B and Non-A, Non-B hepatitis in a dialysis unit : 17-year follow-up.
To evaluate the prevalence of HBV, non-A, non-B hepatitis (NANBH) and HCV, their evolution and the route of transmission, we performed a retrospective study (17 years) on 65 hemodialyzed patients (mean dialytical age 5 years, range 1-16) who developed acute viral hepatitis.
Twenty-six percent of them were affected by HBV; 5 of them (29%) became chronic.
Fourty-eight of 65 patients were affected by NANBH; in 1990, 42 of them were tested for antibody to HCV with the C-100 Elisa assay: 27 patients (64%) were positive.
Seven of 27 patients demonstrated normal values of ALT.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Hépatite virale ni A ni B, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale C, Foie pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Prévalence, Hémodialyse, Epuration extrarénale, Réanimation, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Evolution, Transmission, Epidémiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Non A non B viral hepatitis, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis C, Hepatic disease, Digestive diseases, Prevalence, Hemodialysis, Extrarenal dialysis, Resuscitation, Urinary system disease, Evolution, Transmission, Epidemiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 92-0392080
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 199406.