Epidemiology of hepatitis C in a population of hemodialysis patients.
A search for antibodies against hepatitis C virus (HCV) was performed in 185 patients on chronic hemodialysis by means of 1st and 2nd generation ELISA tests.
Immunoblot assays were performed on positive sera.
This study shows a 38% prevalence of HCV-positive patients in our dialysis population according to the 2nd generation ELISA test which shows a higher specificity and sensitivity when compared to the 1st generation one (38 vs. 20%). A correlation was found between the prevalence of HCV-positive patients and how long they had been on dialysis and how many blood transfusions they hod received.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hémodialyse, Epuration extrarénale, Réanimation, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Homme, Prévalence, Virus hépatite C, Virus, Anticorps, Italie, Europe, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hemodialysis, Extrarenal dialysis, Resuscitation, Urinary system disease, Human, Prevalence, Hepatitis C virus, Virus, Antibody, Italy, Europe, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 92-0392071
Code Inist : 002B27B03. Création : 199406.