The relationship of staff : client ratios, interactions, and residential placement.
The behavior of staff and persons with severe handicaps was surveyed in ine settings, including four traditional institutions, three large community-based units, and two groups of small homes.
Data were collected that etablished the relationship among staff-client interactions, client responding, and the size of staff-client groups.
Two general conclusions could be drawn about the relationship between staff/client ratios and client behavior: (a) When one or two staff were together, improvements in the level of the staff interactions and client adaptive functioning occurred as the client group decreased in size and the staff size remained constant. (b) Improvement in staff performance and client behavior arising from the addition of staff to a client group of a given size was marginal or nonexistent.
Mots-clés Pascal : Equipe soignante, Institution spécialisée, Psychiatrie communautaire, Communauté thérapeutique, Changement comportement, Interaction sociale, Arriération mentale, Handicap, Etude comparative, Organisation santé, Santé mentale, Homme, Relation soignant soigné
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital staff, Specialized institution, Community psychiatry, Therapeutic community, Behavior change, Social interaction, Mental retardation, Handicap, Comparative study, Public health organization, Mental health, Human, Health staff patient relation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 92-0063922
Code Inist : 002B18I09. Création : 199406.