An institution-based surveillance and nested case-control study was conducted in Natal, Northeastern Brazil to estimate the level and determinants of early neonatal mortality.
The early neonatal mortality rate was 25.5 per 1000 live-births, 75% of early neonatal deaths were premature low birthweight infants, and the mortality rates were 591 and 318 per 1000 respectively, for preterm small for gestational age (PT-SGA) and preterm appropriate for gestational age (PT-AGA) infants.
Mortality was 50 per 1000 for term low birthweight, and 8.6 for term normal birthweight AGA infants.
In addition to prematurity and low birthweight, the main risk factors associated with early neonatal death were maternal smoking, complications during pregnancy or intrapartum, and inadequate antenatal care.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Mortalité, Nouveau né, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Poids naissance faible, Prématurité, Mort né, Brésil, Nouveau né pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, South America, America, Mortality, Newborn, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Low birth weight, Prematurity, Stillborn, Brazil, Newborn diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0586693
Code Inist : 002B30A. Création : 199406.