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  1. Confounding of occupation and smoking : its magnitude and consequences.

    Article - En anglais

    In a recent contribution to this journal, Sterling and Weinkam discuss the importance of the confounding of occupation and smoking when considering the contribution of smoking to mortality risk.

    In this report we provide estimates of the potential magnitude of this effect using data from a cohort study.

    It is shown that failing to consider possible confounding by socio-economic factors can lead to over-estimating of the strength of the relationship between smoking and mortality.

    The implications of these findings for the interpretation of results derived from observational studies are discussed.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Europe, Tabagisme, Catégorie socioprofessionnelle, Mortalité, Biais méthodologique, Méthodologie, Erreur estimation, Epidémiologie, Fonctionnaire, Statut socioéconomique, Homme, Royaume Uni

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Europe, Tobacco smoking, Socioeconomic category, Mortality, Methodological bias, Methodology, Estimation error, Epidemiology, Civil servant, Socioeconomic status, Human, United Kingdom

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 91-0550619

    Code Inist : 002B30A. Création : 199406.