The relative risk for low birthweight (<2500 g) associated with primiparity is increased in malaria-endemic areas and significantly correlates with the malaria parasite rate at delivery in primiparae.
Because of this association, the relative risk is proposed as an indicator to assess malaria control in pregnant women as well as in the community.
The sensitivity and specificity of the relative risk for low birthweight in primiparae are calculated for 13 malarious and 15 non-malarious populations.
The highest sensitivity and specificity is achieved at a relative risk of 1.7. Social and environmental variables which could alter the sensitivity of the estimate are discussed.
Mots-clés Pascal : Protozoose, Infection, Poids naissance faible, Primiparité, Paludisme, Homme, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Gestation pathologie, Pays en développement
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Protozoal disease, Infection, Low birth weight, Primiparity, Malaria, Human, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Methodology, Pregnancy disorders, Developing countries
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0520441
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 199406.