Assessment of a school exclusion policy during a chickenpox outbreak.
Two Ohio schools experienced an outbreak of over 200 cases of chickenpox during the period from October 5 to December 21, 1988, despite adherence to the 1986 American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendation that children be excluded from school for 1 week or until all lesions have crusted.
In grades kindergarten through four, the attack rate for susceptibles was 51% (167/329).
With the use of person-time analysis, classmates of a child with chickenpox in grades kindergarten through four were 3.6 times more likely to become a case 12-17 days (the range of one incubation period) after the last day the child with subsequent chickenpox was in class than at any other time during the 2.5-month study period.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Foyer infectieux, Infection, Poxviridae, Quarantaine, Milieu scolaire, Enfant, Ohio
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Virus, Human, United States, North America, America, Infectious focus, Infection, Poxviridae, Quarantine, School environment, Child, Ohio
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0506806
Code Inist : 002B05C02J. Création : 199406.