Many developing countries are importing industrial processes that make use of toxic chemicals.
By the same token, pesticides, which are toxic by design, are also used increasingly in agriculture and in public health programs to control pests and vectorborne diseases.
Recent estimates suggest that pesticides account for more than 20,000 fatalities yearly, and that most of these will have occured in developing countries.
This may actually be a gross underreporting.
Although organophosphate and carbamate insecticides are still responsible for many of those poisoning cases, herbicides such as paraquat are also increasingly being implicated in fatal poisoning cases.
Newer pesticides such as the synthetic derivatives of pyrethrin, which were believed to be relatively safe to humans, now appear to be implicated in some serious cases of intoxication.
Mots-clés Pascal : Pesticide, Toxicité, Pays en développement, Polluant, Environnement, Epidémiologie, Homme, Organophosphoré, Carbamate, Herbicide, Intoxication, Pyréthrinoïde, Article synthèse, Mortalité
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pesticides, Toxicity, Developing countries, Pollutant, Environment, Epidemiology, Human, Organophosphorus compounds, Carbamate, Herbicide, Poisoning, Pyrethroids, Review, Mortality
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0484635
Code Inist : 002B03G. Création : 199406.