We prospectively studied antibiotic use among a cohort of 105 children less than five years of age in a poor area of the northeastern Brazilian city of Fortaleza.
During a 16-week period, 65 children took 137 courses of antibiotics.
Physicians recommended 54% of these, mothers or their associates 39%, and pharmacy workers 7%. Mothers and pharmacy workers recommended drugs for shorter courses than physicians, and were more likely to recommend drugs inappropriate for children.
Duration of illness was not a risk factor for antibiotic use, but both poor nutritional status and poor socioeconomic status were.
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Antibiotique, Consommation, Epidémiologie, Enfant, Milieu urbain, Pauvreté, Automédication, Prescription médicale, Brésil
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, South America, America, Antibiotic, Consumption, Epidemiology, Child, Urban environment, Poverty, Self prescription, Medical prescription, Brazil
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0463272
Code Inist : 002B02S02. Création : 199406.