Prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency (HIV) virus infection were assessed in 581 heterosexual intravenous drug users (IVDUs), recruited from eight public drug assistance centres in the northeast of Italy, an area at low risk for AIDS.
Seropositivity rates showed a strong east-west geographical gradient: IVDUs living in the western part of the study area had a nearly sevenfold higher risk of infection than those living in the eastern part.
Sharing of drug injection equipment, duration of drug addiction, use of heroin in high-incidence cities, use of cocaine in addition to heroin and history of prostitution increased the risk of acquiring HIV infection.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virose, Infection, Europe, Immunodéficit acquis syndrome, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Facteur risque, Homme, Epidémiologie, Sérologie, Prévalence, Répartition géographique, Diamorphine, Comportement, Immunopathologie, Hémopathie, Italie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral disease, Infection, Europe, AIDS, Drug abuse, Intravenous administration, Risk factor, Human, Epidemiology, Serology, Prevalence, Geographic distribution, Heroin, Behavior, Immunopathology, Hemopathy, Italy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0463238
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 199406.