This paper provides an overview of the first study in Switzerland on spontaneous remission from substance abuse, conducted in 1988.
After a rigorous screening process, 60 practically treatment-free remitters could be identified.
While 14 of the 30 alcohol cases reduced their consumption almost to abstinence, all but two heroin remitters stopped their consumption altogether.
No selection bias could be detected when comparing the groups studied with clinic populations, survey data and police records.
The qualitative analysis of the collected extensive life histories led to a typology of the autoremission process.
The motivation to change, the implementation of the decision, the maintenance and the negotiation of a new identity or meaning in life represent the three major stages.
Mots-clés Pascal : Alcoolisme, Toxicomanie, Changement comportement, Sevrage toxique, Spontané, Motivation, Prise décision, Identité personnelle, Personnalité prémorbide, Personnalité, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholism, Drug abuse, Behavior change, Withdrawal, Spontaneous, Motivation, Decision making, Personal identity, Premorbid personality, Personality, Human
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0409141
Code Inist : 002B18C04. Création : 199406.